N & E
Napoleon & Empire

Napoleonic Timeline: 1802

Chronology of the Napoleonic era: [Chrono-gallery] [1769-1788] [1789-1793] [1794-1795] [1796] [1797] [1798] [1799] [1800] [1801] [1802] [1803] [1804] [1805] [1806] [1807] [1808] [1809] [1810] [1811] [1812] [1813] [1814] [1815] [1816-1821] [1840]
Napoleon Bonaparte in 1802
Napoleon Bonaparte in 1802

4 January – One can read a report from the police headquarters: "We secretly debit today that the First Consul having asked the Minister of the Treasury four million for the trip to Lyon, the latter replied that it was not possible to give, that extra 1,600,000 francs sufficed to Louis XIV for such a journey; he soon felt the impropriety of his process, and sent his resignation to the government, which has refused". – 8 January – Departure from Napoleon Bonaparte to Lyons. There should chair the Consulta of the Italian Republic. – 26 January – Election of Bonaparte as President of the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana). – 31 January – Back to Paris.

6 February – The General Leclerc arrives in Saint-Domingue with orders to suppress the revolt of Toussaint Louverture. – 20 February – Following reports of police headquarters: "The city is now full of masks is particularly in the Rue St. Honoré and those adjacent they are doing in droves. It engages the year at this kind of entertainment with a kind of frenzy." – 24 February – "Today looks like a holiday, we usually deal with pleasure." – 25 February – "In the midst of pleasures more noisy, peace has continued to reign yesterday in Paris and the suburbs." – 28 February – "The masquerade has continued to roam the streets, squares, docks and bridges, until nightfall ... The pleasures have not been quieter in the suburbs than within the city. The working class gives himself completely..."

1st March – Following reports of police headquarters: "The day passed as the previous pleasure in feasting and dancing ... it is impossible to describe how far we pushed the year madness masquerades and disguises." – 8 March – The Directorate General of Public Instruction replaces the Service of Science and Arts. – 17 March – Eleven archbishops and bishops are removed from the list of émigrés by order of the First Consul. – 18 March – Two hundred and forty members of the Legislature and eighty members of the Tribunes are deprived Senatus consultum the right to stand for election. Among them are major opposition leaders: Pierre Daunou, Maximin Isnard, Benjamin Constant. – 19 March – Napoleon Bonaparte visits the National Library, located at the Louvre. "He was particularly attached, says the Gazette de France, to examine the medals, including those of Alexander and Caesar set appeared more special attention. He also looked forward to the arms of Henri IV, which he wielded the sword, he even measured". – 24 March – Establishment of a committee responsible for drafting the Code of Civil Procedure. – 25 March – Peace is signed in Amiens with England. – 27 March – Bonaparte shows for the first time in civilian clothes. He wears the dress of embroidered state councilors, with white stockings and shoes with buckles.

4 April – The legislative body listens to a speech by Jean-Etienne Portalis. This tends to prove that religion adopted and recognized by the State is necessary and that the Catholic religion in this regard deserves preference. – 7 April – The Tribunes adopt the Concordat by a majority of 78 votes against 7. – 8 April – The Concordat is adopted by the legislative body by 228 votes against 21. It will come into effect by Act of 18 Germinal, year X. – 9 April – Cardinal Giovanni Battista Caprara, papal legate, is received by the First Consul. 15 000 francs are allocated to each newly appointed archbishop "for expenses". Bishops receive 10 000 francs only.

10 April – Monseigneur Jean-Baptiste de Belloy, 92 years old, is installed at Notre-Dame as archbishop of Paris. – 11 April – A special council chaired by First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte meets at Malmaison to prepare an act of amnesty for immigrants. – 14 April – François-René de Chateaubriand publishes "The Spirit of Christianity" and dedicates it to the First Consul. – 18 April – Easter Sunday. The consuls attend the celebration of the first religious holiday of the Consulate, at Notre-Dame-de-Paris. Official proclamation of the Concordat throughout France. – 20 April – Bonaparte orders the conversion of his bathroom into a chapel, "putting over the ice table, or a tapestry." – 26 April – Amnesty is granted by Senatus consultum to any individual not yet removed from the list of emigrants who returns to France later than 23 September 1802 and who is willing to swear the new government.

1st May – A law establishes the system of public education. – 4 May – Declaration of Napoleon Bonaparte to the Council of State: "Never has the military government will take in France, unless the nation is stupefied by fifty years of ignorance ... It is not as general as I govern, but because the nation believes that I have the qualities unique to civilian government." – 6 May – The Tribunes proposes "that is given to General Bonaparte, First Consul, a striking pledge of national recognition." – 7 May – General Delmas, Colonel Fournier and squadron leader Donnadieu stopped. They are accused of preparing the assassination of Bonaparte. – 8 May – Senator Augustin de Lespinasse proposes to appoint Bonaparte consul for life. A Senatus consultum declaring elected First Consul "for ten Years immediately following ten years for which he was named" brings together 61 votes against 2.

9 May – Napoleon Bonaparte says in a message of thanks sent to the Senate: "The vote of the people invested me the highest office. I do not think myself sure of his confidence, if the act is not sanctioned by a vote." – 10 May – A consular decree announces the holding of a plebiscite. The question: "Will Napoleon Bonaparte be consul for life?". – 14 May – Amnesty is granted for crimes of desertion committed on French territory by noncommissioned officers and soldiers of the French troops. – 18 May – A law provides for the levying of sixty thousand conscripts. – 19 May – The Legion of Honor is established by a law which collects 166 votes against 110. – 20 May – The slave trade is reestablished by law and upheld slavery in French colonies "in accordance with laws and regulations prior to 1789". – 28 May – The Prefect of Police informs Bonaparte a conspiracy has been organized against him by Bernadotte. – 30 May – Circular of the Minister of Police to the prefects of departments: "I think, citizen Prefect, it's my duty to warn you against all rumors with which it seeks to disturb and make fools in departments. Paris is quiet and can not be shaken;, no conspiracy has threatened days of the First Consul; he can have nothing to fear except excessive work and sleepless nights which he dedicates to interests of the Republic."

7 June – In Santo Domingo, Toussaint Louverture is arrested. – 24 June – In Rennes, General Simon, Chief of Staff of Bernadotte at the army of the West, is arrested with some of his officers. They are accused of plotting to raise arms against the tyrant Bonaparte.

2nd July – The construction of the Quai d'Orsay is decided by consular decree. – 8 July – In accordance with Article 16 of the Concordat, the Pope appoints five French cardinals. Among them, Monsignor Joseph Fesch, Napoleon's uncle. – 14 July – Proclamation of the First Consul to the French people: "After thirteen years of work, the 14th of July is more precious for you, more majestic for posterity. You have overcome all obstacles, and your destiny is fulfilled."

27 July – Napoleon Bonaparte to the Dey of Algiers: "If you do not suppress the license of your ministers who dare insult my agents, and of your ships who dare insult my flag, I'll land 80 000 men on your side and I'll destroy your regency."

2nd August – Napoleon Bonaparte is proclaimed First Consul for life by the Senate. – 4 August – The Constitution of year VIII is overhauled by Senatus consultum. The prefects are invited by a ministerial circular to celebrate the anniversary of the birth of the First Consul. – 15 August – The First Consul's birthday is celebrated with great pomp. – 20 August – On the occasion of a representation of Andromaque by Jean Racine, the First Consul, accompanied by Madame Bonaparte, takes possession of the box specially fixed up for him at the French Theater. – 21 August – Bonaparte chairs the Senate for the first time. – 27 August – Incorporation of the island of Elba into France. – 31 August – The Dey of Algiers accepts Bonaparte's claims.

11 September – Piedmont is united to France by Senatus consultum. – 13 September – At Saint-Domingue, uprising of black slaves. – 15 September – Removing of Joseph Fouché's Department of General Police. – 20 September – Installation of Napoleon Bonaparte at the palace of Saint-Cloud. – 22 September – Bonaparte visits the Exhibition of National Industry in the Louvre and the Salon of Painting and Sculpture. – 30 September – First Consul requires Swiss cantons to accept his mediation about conflict between the Federalists and the Unitarians.

4 October – The National Guard, "daughter" of the French Revolution, becomes Municipal Guard.

19 November – The Directorate General of Museums is created. – 22 November – Four "ladies" (Mesdames de Luçay, de Talhouët, de Lauriston et de Rémusatt) are designated for service with Josephine.

5 December – The British ambassador presents his credentials to the First Consul in solemn audience. For this occasion Napoleon Bonaparte features, at the hilt of his sword, a diamond known as The Regent. – 7 December – Employees of direct contributions receive an uniform and a sword. – 10 December – A decree provides that Latin and Mathematics are the main lessons taught in high schools. – 23 December – Magistracy find back its former costume. – 24 December – Solemn installation of the first President of the Court, Jean-Mathieu Seguier. He is a returned emigrant after Brumaire, the son of a famous Attorney General of the former regime. – 27 December – Installation of Chief of Justice Claude-Ambroise Régnier, preceded by a mass celebrated in the great hall of the Law Courts by the Archbishop of Paris.

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Next years: 1803
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