N & E
Napoleon & Empire

Battle of Berezina

Date and place

  • November 27th and 28th, 1812 near the Berezina river (now Belarus).

Involved forces

  • French army (49,000 men fighting and 40,000 late) under Emperor Napoleon the First. 
  • Russian army under Tzar Alexander the First, Generals Mikhail Illarionovich Golenishchev-Kutuzov and Peter Wittgenstein, and Admiral Pavel Vasilievich Chichagov. 

Casualties and losses

  • Grande Armée: 30,000 to 45,000 men (Most of them have not been direct victims of the fighting or even have not participated). 
  • Russian Army: more than 10,000 soldiers. 
Battle of Berezina (detail)
"Przejscie wojsk Napoleona przez Berezyne - Napoleon crossing the Berezina river" (detail). Painted 1866 by January Suchodolski.

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